考研复习

2021考研英语多义词汇

来源:网络 2020-03-26

  考研英语对词义的考查是非常灵活的,在阅读理解中经常会出现一些多义词汇,所以大家背单词时大家不仅要查看单词有几个词性,还要注意该词有几个不同的词义。今天海天考研小编给大家整理了考研英语阅读理解中经常出现的136个常考多义词汇,一起来学习吧!

  1. 放弃 abandon, desert, leave, discard, give up

  2. 压缩,缩写 abbreviate, compress, condense, shorten

  3. 遵守 abide, comply, follow, obey

  4. 能力 ability, capacity, capability, genius, talent,faculty, gift,able, capable, qualified

  5. 不规律 abnormal, irregular, unusual

  6 废除 abolish, cancel, delete, eliminate, terminate, doawaywith

  7. 吸收 absorb, fascinate, attract

  8. 荒谬的 absurd, foolish, ridiculous

  9. 充足的 abundant, plentiful, rich, adequate enough sufficient

  10. 滥用 abuse, curse, insult

  11. 接受,采纳 accept, admit adopt

  12. 途径 access, approach

  13. 事故 accident, incident, event, occurrence, happening

  14. 欢呼 acclaim, applaud, cheer, clap

  15. 陪伴 accompany, follow, escort, go with

  16. 完成 accomplish, achieve, finish, complete,fullfill

  17. 结果 accordingly, consequently, hence, so, therefore,thus

  18. 积累 accumulate,assemble, collect, gather, heap, pile

  19. 精确 accurate, exact, precise, correct

  20. 控诉 accuse, charge, condemn, prosecute

  21. 承认 acknowledge, accept, admit,confess, recognize

  22. 获得 acquire, obtain, gain, get, win, earn, secure,attain

  23. 行动,行为 act, action, deed, operation, performance,behavior

  24. 活跃的 active, energetic, vigorous

  25. 真的 actual, positive, real, true

  26. 额外的 additional, extra, supplementary

  27. 演讲,讲话 address, speech, lecture, report, talk

  28. 改变 alter, modify, change, shift, transform, switch, ajust, revise, vary

  29. 管理 administer, control, govern, manage, rule,supervise

  30. 崇拜 admire, adore, appreciate, worship, honour,respect,

  31. 成人 adult, grown-up, mature

  32. 优点 advantage, benefit, interest, favor, profit, gain

  33. 建议 advice, opinion, suggestion, propose,recommendation, view

  34. 害怕 afraid, fearful, awful, dreadful, frightful,terrible, horrible, terrific, appalling, timid, scared

  35. 痛苦 agony, anguish, pain, suffering, grief, misery,distress, sorrow

  36. 恐慌 alarm, fright, horror, panic, terror, dread,startle, terrify, scare, intimidate

  37. 相似 alike, similar, identical, assimilating

  38. 常常 always, often, usually, frequently, repeatedly,regularly

  39. 重要的 essential, fundamental, radical, vital,significant,crucial, critical, important, significant

  40. 开始 begin, commence, start, initiate, launch

  41. 祖先 ancestor, forefather, predecessor

  42. 痛苦 anger, indignation, temper, rage, fury,outrage,grievance ,irritated, annoy

  43. 焦虑 anxiety,worry, care, concern, upset, depressed,

  44. 设备 apparatus, instrument, device,equipment, tool, implement, appliance

  45.明显的apparent,evident,obvious,clear,distinct,plain,conspicuous

  46 出现 appear, emerge, turn up, come being, loom

  47. 应用 application, usage, utilize, employ, take advantage of

  48 合适的 appropriate, fit, proper, suitable

  49 争论 argue,debate,dispute,quarrel,discuss,reason,controversy

  50. 抓住 arrest, capture, catch, seize,trap

  51. 假的,人造的 artificial, false, synthetic, man-made,fake,unnatural

  52. 屈辱,丢人的 ashamed, shameful, humiliated

  53. 同伴 companion, company, colleague, fellow,partner

  54. 认为 assume, deem,hold, deduce, suppose, presume

  55. 律师 attorney, lawyer

  56. 增加 augment, expand, increase, surge,soar, go up, rocket, sky-rocket

  57. 自治 autonomous, independent, self-governing

  58. 可利用的 available, accessible

  59.培养 foster, nurture, cultivate

  60. 谨慎的careful,cautious, attentive, prudent

  61.运输 carry,convey, transfer, transport

  62.抓住 catch, seize,grasp, grip, capture, hold

  63.导致 cause, bring about, give rise to, evoke,lead to, result in

  64.停止 cease, pause,stop, halt, quit

  65.改变 change, alter,modify, remold, reshape, vary, convert,

  transform

  66.混乱 chaos,disorder, confusion

  67.特点 characteristic,feature, mark, trait

  68.费用 charge, cost, expense, expenditure, fare, fee,price

  69. 追求 chase, pursue,seek

  70.欺骗 cheat,deceive, trick, fool

  71.开心的 cheerful,glad, happy, joyful

  72.主要的 chief, principal, main, major,leading,foremost,primary

  73.选择 choice,alternative, option, selection, election

  74.情况 circumstance,context, situation

  75.引用 cite, quote

  76.市民,居民 citizen, civilian, inhabitant, resident

  77.文化,文明 civilization,culture

  78.包含 embrace, include, encompass

  79. 天气,气候 climate,weather

  80.衣服 clothes,clothing, coat, dress, garment, robe, gown, uniform, costume, suit

  81. 合作 collaborate,cooperate

  82.坍塌 collapse,fall

  83.合并

  connect,join,link,acquire,merger,consolidation, concentration, integration,combination

  84.培养 foster, nurture, cultivate

  85.谨慎的 careful,cautious, attentive, prudent

  86.运输 carry,convey, transfer, transport

  87.抓住 catch, seize,grasp, grip, capture, hold

  88. 导致 cause, bring about, give rise to, evoke,lead to, result in

  89.停止 cease, pause,stop, halt, quit

  90.改变

  change, alter,modify, remold, reshape,vary,convert,transform

  91.混乱 chaos,disorder, confusion

  92.特点 characteristic,feature, mark, trait

  93. 费用 charge, cost, expense, expenditure, fare, fee,price

  94.追求 chase, pursue,seek

  95.欺骗 cheat,deceive, trick, fool

  96.开心的 cheerful,glad, happy, joyful

  97.主要的

  chief, principal, main, major, leading, foremost,primary

  98.选择

  choice,alternative, option, selection, election

  99.情况 circumstance,context, situation

  100.引用 cite, quote

  101.市民,居民 citizen, civilian, inhabitant, resident

  102.文化,文明 civilization,culture

  103.包含 embrace, include, encompass

  104.天气,气候 climate,weather

  105.衣服

  clothes,clothing, coat, dress, garment, robe, gown, uniform, costume, suit

  106. 合作

  collaborate,cooperate

  107.坍塌

  collapse,fall

  108.合并connect,join,link,acquire,merger,consolidation,concentration, integration, combination

  109. 来自于

  come from, result from, arise, stem from, derive from

  110.缓解,放松

  comfort, console, ease,relieve, relaxation, relief, rest

  111.说明,指挥

  command, order, direction, instruction

  112.交通

  traffic, transportation

  113. 公司

  company, corporation, firm, enterprise

  114.坚持

  persistent, consistent, insistent

  115.限制

  limit,restrict, confine, scale back, curb, constrict constrain, hinder

  116.竞争

  compete, contend,contest, rival

  117. 复杂的

  complex, complicated, sophisticated, intricate

  118.组成部分,构成元素

  component,constituent, element, ingredient

  119. 聚焦

  concentrate,focus

  120.具体的

  concrete,specific

  121.压缩

  condense,compress, contract, shrink

  122. 征服

  conquer, overcome, overthrow,defeat

  123.结果

  consequence,result, outcome

  124.深思的,体贴的

  considerate,thoughtful

  125.满足

  content,satisfaction

  126.拒绝,反对

  contradict,deny, oppose, refute

  127.传统的

  conventional, traditional

  128.吸引

  induce, attract, tempt, lure, appeal

  129.复制,模仿

  copy,duplicate, imitate

  130.依赖

  count on, depend on, rely on

  131.疯狂的

  crazy,insane, mad, mental

  132.创造的,创新的

  creative,original, imaginative, innovative

  133.罪

  crime, sin, guilt, offence, violation

  134.产出

  crop,harvest, yield

  135.残忍的

  cruel, brutal, inhuman, savage, fierce, ruthless

  136. 危险

  danger, hazard, risk, adventure, menace, threat

追梦之旅,选择比努力更重要!海天考研,为成功考研指引方向!

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